9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN30 Youth and Generation

2009-09-03 09:00:00 2009-09-03 10:30:00 Thursday, 3 September 09:00 - 10:30 Risk of Social Exclusion Building II, Auditório B2.04

Adolescence risk factors for unemployment in adulthood. A 16-year prospective follow-up study

Background: The life-course approach emphasises the contribution of circumstances in childhood and youth to adult well-being. Regarding adult disadvantage, relatively little is known of the earlier social, health-related and economic predictors of unemployment, and the pathways leading from adolescence to adult unemployment.

Aims: The aims of the study were a) to examine the effect of various social, health-related and economic adversities in adolescence on adult unemployment and b) to find out whether the effect is mediated through the respondent´s education and family formation paths.

Data and methods: The data were obtained from a follow-up surveys in a Finnish urban age cohort from age 16 till 32 years (666 males and 805 females). Adult outcomes examined were current and long-term unemployment and adolescent risk factors included several socioeconomic (e.g. parental education and occupation, parental unemployment), educational (school grades, educational aspirations), social (e.g. relationship with parents, parental divorce, number of friends) and health-related (e.g. binge drinking, daily smoking, psychological distress) factors.

Results: According to the preliminary results, there are several adolescence predictors of unemployment in adulthood, such as poor school grades, the relationship with parents. The associations are partly mediated through the respondent´s educational path.

Conclusions: The findings that various adolescent risk factors predict unemployment in adulthood suggest that preventive efforts should be targeted several domains of adolescent life.