Sociology of Culture, Heritage and Identity
Institute for Philosophy and Sociology Univerity of Latvia Riga, Latvia
In the ESA Congress 2003 my paper included research about Latvian cultural self-reference "we are a farmer (or peasant) culture". This self-reference was influenced autopoiesis to understand themselves like agrarian country. Acording N. Luhman theory process of self-reference giving are assymetrical. I's mean, this is point from which self-reference are delivered - a groups of intellectuals - writer, poetry, artist, scientists (people with authority). To continue this process of invisible synchronization in society, my research was done with Latvian intellectuals ( in former sowjet time cold - intelligentsia) for looking to understand, why Latvian cultural identities and models of education go back to agrarian cultural values and norms, and bring in 21 century attitudes and self-descriptions from 19 century.Why Latvian intellectuals permanent to be avoid from self-description about themselves like a urban, industrial and close to ideas of modernism being culture. Issues is about the lost self-reference during the sowjet time and why this can take part in Latvia. Same indication came from Latvian literature in which Latvian are described prevailing like countryside people, a large number of novels from 19 to 21 century explain Latvian, living in countryside. Cultural stories and everyday narratives not help to explain and give more motivation to develop understanding themselves for much more rationality and irony, that according to N. Luhman's theory is a resource for development and grow up modern identities. Research is based on N. Luhman's system theory and theory of narratives.