Human capital of Socio-Professional Groups as a Factor of Modernization of Russian Society
Socio-Economic Systems and Social Policy, PhD Student Higher School of Economics (Moscow) Moscow, Russia
It is supposed to present main findings of investigation accomplished under theoretical line posed modernization as a complex process of changes directed to socio-economic status among the societies that are traditionally comprised into a core of global world-system order (via I. Wallerstein). Since the 70-s last century scientists have recognized a correlation between an innovative development of domestic economy and special type of socio-professional structure, in which qualified workers play a dominant role. So the very credo of the report is ? modernization of Russian economy in many respects is concerned with a competitive capacity of its socio-professional structure.
The main data source of our research is The Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS), a series of nationally representative surveys designed to monitor the effects of Russian reforms on the health and economic welfare of households and individuals. We estimated (using standard statistical means and procedures) the order of satisfying of workers of different occupations to the requirements of their positions within socio-professional hierarchy of Russian society (working with a well-known occupational classification scheme ISCO-88 that we specially adapted for the Russian reality). What is more, contrary to traditionally assumed dichotomy between white- and blue-colors we revealed some patterns of behavior of low-qualified both non-manual and manual workers (clerks and plant/machine operators) primarily concerning their human capital (in a wider interpretation). In rare cases they think about the human capital they are likely to get new specialty that seems to be explained as an attempt to obtain a higher position in socio-professional structure that is a sense of unsteadiness of these trades in Russia forced, in addition, by migration on labor markets.
Taking these and other points into account, especially as compared with developed countries, we consider Russia as a pre-modernized socio-economic system with appropriate socio-professional structure and labor values of its main actors (orientation for reproduction; weak professional self-expression accord; completion censure etc.).
We hope the comprehension of human capital of different occupation groups posed to determine development of Russian society as a socio-economic system will help us to cope with alike theoretical and instrumental problems of other transition societies.