Transnational immigrant religions in Europe: Muslim´s links to their home countries
Sociology III Complutense University Madrid Madrid, Spain
Religious belonging is one among the multiple allegiances of immigrants in Europe; for some of them, religion is the basis of a deeply felt identity, overarching racial and national identities, and conditioning social relationships both in the host society and with the home country. The last three decades have witnessed an intense public debate over the growing presence of Islam in Europe, an issue that has become particularly salient after events of open conflict in different countries, at different points in time. But Christian denominations other than those major in each country are also thriving, including Eastern Orthodox ones, together with Judaism, Buddhism and Hinduism. With a special emphasis on Islam, but considering other religious traditions too, this paper looks at the different ways in which this new religious pluralism is being accommodated in Western Europe, and the different ways in which immigrants relate to their transnational religious communities.