9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN30 Youth and Generation

2009-09-03 09:00:00 2009-09-03 10:30:00 Thursday, 3 September 09:00 - 10:30 Transition to Adulthood I Building II, Auditório B2.03

Transition to Adulthood and Young´s Labour Precarity

This communication takes into account the new forms of biographical models for young people in a context of labour precarity. Transitions to adulthood are becoming increasingly destandardised, diverse and individualized due to profound processes of change in the labour market which has produced important variations in the way previous transitions from education to employment used to happen.

In the modern European context, transitions from education to work have become much more complex, and the transitions from the parental home to an independent household happen later. As a result young people remain dependent on their families for much longer periods than previously.

We claim that the change in this biographical model is reflected not only in demographical, structural and economical changes but also in subjective and cultural ones.

Several issues are proposed as guides to understand these biographical changes: the increase in the educational level, the restructuring of labour markets, the change of family patterns, the national and European public policies, the expectative created by the educational system, the meaning of adulthood and the attitudes towards education and employment.

The information that we analyse comes from a research that was carried out with 1200 young people about the changes in the meaning of work and its centrality in their lives. Apart from that we also worked with several focus groups in which the participants talked about their biographies and their trajectory towards the independence from the family's house.