Caregivers for old people and social class
Langa Rosado, Delia
Faculty of Social Sciences and Law. University of Jaén Jaén, Spain
Ariza Segovia, Sergio
Faculty of Social Sciences and Law, University of Jaén University of Jaén Jaén, Spain
Martínez López, David
Faculty of Humanities and Education Sciences University of Jaén Jaén, Spain
Olid González, Evangelina
Faculty of Social Sciences and Law University of Jaén Jaén, Spain
In this work we aim to offer an analysis of those who care for old and dependent people in Andalucía. We use a data base produced by the Andalusian Statistic Institute in collaboration with Andalusian Univesities from a survey about familial networks. This survey took place in 2005 with a sample of 10.000 people.
In a first analysis of the data (Langa Rosado et al., 2007) we emphasized the great importance of the family (in relation to the extremely low presence of public sector and volunteering), and specially women in the provision of care for old people.
Now, in a more detailed exploitation of the data, we would like to know more about the heterogeneity of these caregivers, making an analysis of them from a social class point of view. Besides, we make use of another information not just referred to the whole family of the caregiver but to the caregiver himself. This kind of data is about his/her cultural level, labour activity and obviously, gender (La Parra, 2001). García Calvente et al. (2004) say in this respect that class inequality and gender inequality are clearly linked.
So in this paper we aim to approach to the sociological profile of caregivers from different angles. We would like to know why they care, how much time they dedicate to this, when they care, how this activity affects their lives and what is the familial structure of duties and rights from where they become caregivers. Besides we want to read all this activity from the social position where we situate the familial and individual strategies (Bourdieu, 1988) where the decisions of caring old and dependent relatives are adopted.