Caregivers´use of time: housework, personal life and labour. Analysis of data from the Spanish Time Budget Survey 2002-2003
Masanet Ripoll, Erika
Universitary Institute of Social Development and Peace University of Alicante Alicante, Spain
La Parra Casado, Daniel
Department of Sociology II and Universitary Institute of Social Development and Peace University of Alicante Alicante, Spain
This paper analyzes the use of time of caregivers in their life spheres (the labour sphere, personal life and housework) with the aim of contributing to knowledge about the effects and costs of health care in the daily lives of people care. The study is based on the analysis of data from the Spanish Time Budget Survey 2002-2003 carried out by the National Statistics Institute.
The results show informal care negative impacts in terms of personal time reduction, decrease participation in the labour market and increased overall time devoted to unpaid and paid work. Also, the results show the different impacts of informal care in the caregiver´s daily life according to gender, age and household income level. Women and the older people are the most adversely affected in their daily lives when they care. Thus, the negative impact of care is higher in women in terms of personal and social time reduction and greater total work burden (the sum of paid and unpaid work). Similarly, among older caregivers their social and leisure time is more damaged because they devote time to care.
The data also showed a high presence of older caregivers. These aged caregivers spent more time on care tasks than younger caregivers. This means that potential caregivers are increasing among people over 65 years as a result of increases in life expectancy.