Transnational Motherhood: The Case of Romanian Women
Sociology BABES-BOLYAI UNIVERSITY Cluj Napoca, Romania
David Kacso, Agnes
Sociology and Social Work BABES-BOLYAI UNIVERSITY Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Our study analyses the phenomenon of transnational motherhood as exemplified on the case of Romanian women migrating for temporary work abroad, based on 31 interviews in the topic of transnational families. The participants are respondents from three rural communities (transnational family members and key persons).
In the context of transnational motherhood, children represent both a reason for migration, as well as a strong argument for maintaining the migration process: mothers produce money for the children's existence costs and for ensuring their future.
This study will present strategies of transnational motherhood through which mothers manage to fulfill their role to take care and protect their children from a distance. Transnational communication, transfer of direct care to another person, redefinition of motherhood through emphasis on financial support are some of the ways in which migrant mothers try to stand by their children. Moreover, in Romania migrant women and their families presently need to confront the stigmatizing public discourse in which they are referred to as irresponsible mothers leaving their children.
Through illustrating the experience of transnational mothers as a reply to their defamation by the Romanian public, we hope to offer our readers a micro-level perspective regarding the international functioning of mother-children relationships.