Imagined futures among youth from immigrant families: vocational choice, expected and aspired mobility(ies)
Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia CIES/ISCTE Lisbon, Portugal
A recent demographic study showed that in 2007 immigrant parents? newborns made up 10% per cent of all babies delivered in Portugal. Portugal is progressively becoming a country marked by ethnic diversity and cultural heterogeneity, where the children of immigrants are participant segment, representing increasingly a ?measure? of sedentarization and integration processes of the immigrant population.
The communication will focus in youngsters from immigrant families and their expected and aspired patterns of mobility(ies), by analysing, by one hand, their structural context and conditions of existence (educational achievement, social class, ethnic background and gender) and, by the other hand, their educational and professional expectations and aspirations, considering that those are privileged for the discussion of the objective and subjective conditions of integration, participation and citizenship exercise in the Portuguese society. Vocational decisions are conceived within a structural context where institutional, social and ethnic background act and constrain, but also emerge from individual and subjective strategies, which can be identified and interpreted.
The discussion will be supported with data from a mixed method research carried out in 2007, involving about 1200 9th grade native and descendant of immigrant students (age 14?19), inquired in 13 schools with a highly diverse clientele, placed in 3 regions (Lisboa, Setúbal e Faro); and interviews made to 24 young descendants of immigrants, 7 parents, 16 educational agents (professors, executive responsible, psychologists in charge of the vocational process).
Will be examined the educational and professional projects, the trends of students educational track choice and the vocational orientation processes underlying, the professional universes of reference hold by the family and friends, as much as the general representations and attitudes about the future and transition towards adulthood among youth with immigrant background.
Based in the imagined life course and in the present biography, it will be discussed the ways in which, in the compulsory schooling conclusion context, and transition for higher education or for work, ethnic, social and cultural belonging contribute for the definition of school and career choices, giving place to individual destinies and broader social configurations.