New forms of the socialist movement in globalised world
Political Sociology Russian State University for the Humanities Russian Federation,
Globalization creates a number of contradictories which cause changes in policy on different levels and different spheres. The most important contradictories are the following: between enriching and pauperization, between rich and poor countries, between rational culture and culture of different social groups, and between global and local. In these conditions interest in socialist ideas has been rising up. One can watch actualization of left ideologies and values. This process is spreading not only in Latin America, but also in Western Europe and Post-Soviet countries. Left parties pay much attention to the problems of the environment, to the problems of sustainable development of local communities, national states and regions, to the problems between poor and rich countries, between west and east, south and north, and also to the ways to overcome the crisis.
Development of left ideologies and politics has specifics in different countries. In Western Europe, socialists worked out the ideology of the third way (manifest of Blair-Shr?der), based on compromises with neo-liberals. Priorities of socialist parties in Latin America are mainly connected with nationalization of economics and overcoming of dependency on foreign capital, with modernization, with fight with poverty and social un-equality. The main task of socialist and social-democratic parties in post-socialist countries is restoring of social justice and building the social state.
Socialist movements unite more than 160 social-democratic, socialist and workers parties and organizations from 130 countries of the world Socialist International and some fraternity organizations, trade-unions, PES (20 parties, 27% seats in EP). We are analyzing programs, documents and actions of left movements and political parties of socialist orientation, activity of Socialist International in the context of globalization (world poverty, world economic crisis, global warming) and especially socialist movement in modern Russia.
This analysis shows that socialist, social-democratic and labor parties are disappointed in liberal ideas and don?t try now to include in their own social-economic projects elements of liberalism anymore. The main important discussions in international socialist movement are connected with the understanding of fact that global problems provoke problems on local level, that globalization process couldn?t be controlled only by transnational corporations.