Memory, political culture and revisionism in Spain
Departamento de História Instituto de História Contemporânea-Universidade Nova de Lisboa Portugal,
The aim of this paper is to propose a general approach to the historiographical revisionism on the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) and Franco's dictatorship (1939-1975). As a social phenomenon, revisionism develops beyond the academic field, involving mass media, publishers, think-tanks and political figures interpretations of historical events. So, beyond the "truth" or the "falsity" of the revisionist thesis, this phenomenon will be here analysed in relation to certain social transformations occurred in Spain, since the electoral victory of the Popular Party (PP) of José María Aznar (1996) until the victory of the Socialist Party in 2004. In this sense, it will be considered how the revisionist discourse has a social impact on Spanish political culture and on the public debate about Spanish democracy legitimacy and its assessment. This analysis is carried out in the framework of figurational sociology defined by Norbert Elias. Thus, it will be useful for the analysis proposed here the concept of power balance and the established/outsiders dichotomy on social relationships.