9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN04 Sociology of Children and Childhood

2009-09-04 09:00:00 2009-09-04 10:30:00 Friday, 4 September 09:00 - 10:30 Theoretical ant Methodological Issues in Researching Childhood and Children's Lives II Building II, C6.01

Particular Tendencies and Socio-Domestic Aspects of the of Juvenile Delinquency in Romania after 1989 to Nowadays

The end of socialism, for Romania as for other countries from East-Central Europe was the end of social equality and the beginning of the appearance of new social strata, many of them showing no linkage with meritocracy. Thus, social results of the transition were massive insecurity and loss of trust. In such a context was expectable that the rate of delinquency in general, and that of juvenile delinquency in particular, will rise.
The general purpose of the research was to present the evolution of juvenile delinquency in Romania after 1989, with some of its social and psychological aspects. We use a comparative perspective: the general, Romanian framework will be compared with local situation occurred in Cluj county. The theme of the research has been studied from the domestic sociological point of view, using sociological and psychological methods. Our intention was to research the socio-domestic aspects of juvenile delinquency, as a social phenomenon, by analyzing the anti-social acts, by reporting them to the multiple aspects of maladjustment, disorganization, chaos and marginality that are existence in the society.
Beside presenting the existent information and data regarding this phenomenon, this paper contains also the results of the made analysis regarding the dynamic and tendencies of general and juvenile delinquency in the country, in the transition period, as well as the results of the made analysis regarding the dynamic and the tendencies of juvenile delinquency in Cluj county during 1989-2006.
The presentation is based on an extensive study of 420 delinquent juveniles (and 420 non-delinquents youths for the control group), whose data on family situation, education, age, etc were analyzed and the youngsters were also tested with psychological tests. The results were compared with previous research data on Romanian population. An integrative model was tested, in order to analyze the social and cognitive determinants of delinquency.