Reading as a Fcator of Primarily Socialization of Modern Russian Children
sociological department Russian State University for the Humanities Moscow, Russia
The article deals with the characteristics of children?s reading as a factor of primarily socialization of modern pupils and based on armchair research and content-analysis of text-books and encyclopedias for pupils. The structure of book preferences of modern pupils, found during the research, is extremely significant from socialization point of view. Gender stereotypes about professions, found in children?s books, could be put down to two groups of stereotypes ? connected with family roles and professional according to sex. And another group related to the differences of the content of each work. Currently, there are trends to weakening of these stereotypes, in spite of their seeming stability. As the developing literature together with text-books play significant role in the primary gender and professional socialization of pupils, they need examination of language and illustration to undergo, in order that children could receive full notion about life, roles and relationship between sexes and about people?s professional activities. A lot of factors influence on choosing some kind of book, one of which is children education. It means both family upbringing and school education, as two main agents of socialization. Finally, the author of the article divides the process of socialization into three interrelated actions ? education, self-education and bringing up, that influence on the versatile development of the child?s personality.