New models of social representations about the future: Short term strategies and social mobility processes
Ceravolo, Flavio Antonio
Social Research University of Eastern Piedmont Alessandria, Italy
The flexibilization of global labour market induces in individual life new representations about possibile futures. In particular this phenomenon affects the strategies of personal identity construction in two spheres: educational choices, labour market?s access. Social inequalities could play a crucial role in setting up non only the instrumental constrains to the individual choices, but also the structure of social representations that influences them. So the structure of social stratification could be considered as a function of the instrumental contrains and of expressive criteria on which choices and life courses strategies are based. On the other hand, modern conceptualization of stratification explains that individual conditions are the result of composition processes among different dimensions of inequalities: gender, class, migration, etc. All this dimensions give forms to the structure of constrains and representations in a different way for each individual bacuase of his/her role set. Also the meso level designed by short egocentered networks are vehicle of social representation and because of their stratification in society (that could be modelized in social circles) they could be an important milieau of reproducing inequalities mechanisms.
Starting from this theoretical framework, the paper focus tha attention to the analysis of reproducting inequalities mechanisms in a specific context, that is the city of Turin. This City, localized in North West of Italy is moving from an industrial collective identity to a post industrial social organization of social relations. This process affects local representations of the populations. In the paper are discussed results of an empirical research realized in this context interviewing, with a quantitative design, 1300 young-adult peaple (range of age between 25 and 3