Movie producers and project development
de Verdalle, Laure
UVSQ Laboratoire Printemps - CNRS Meudon, France
Producers intervene at every stage of the movie production. However, development is particularly central in their activities. The process of development legitimates the producer as a partner of the director, and at the same time gives his work an entrepreneurial dimension. Indeed, the period of development concentrates most of the risk linked to the movie project: the producer invests money in the development of a project which might not be eventually finalized and produced.
This proposal is based on a qualitative investigation among French movie producers involved in various genres: fiction, documentary, long and short movies.
I will first present the genesis of movie projects. Therefore, I will deal with the various ways for a producer to take part in the project writing together with the director and the scriptwriter (if any).
In a second step, I will confront these attitudes of producers to the ways of dealing with financial risk during this development period.
From this point, I shall propose a typology of producers which inter-connects these two dimensions: the ways producers intervene in the project development and the ways they manage the financial risk (which is particularly high at this stage since the project might fail, with a total lost of the money invested so far). Doing so, I will consider the subvention sources (CNC being one of the main providers) and the relationship between producers, banks, and TV channels (largely involved in the movies funding).