9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN33 Women's and Gender Studies

2009-09-05 09:00:00 2009-09-05 10:30:00 Saturday, 5 September 09:00 - 10:30 The Gender Construction of Criminalisation and Violence Against Women Building II, C4.02

Being a Woman in Prison From Gender Based Sociological Perspective: A case study in Closed Woman Prison in Sincan Prison Campus, TURKEY

The crime rates are being increase in today´s Turkey because of several social or/and economic factors and it is known that theoretical studies and the researches in this area are insufficient in Turkey.
Under the supervision of "Modernization of Judgement and Penal Reform Project" which is being implemented with the cooperation of Republic of Turkey Ministry of Justice, the European Commission and the Council of Europe; the Turkish government aims to modernize the prisons.
On the other hand, Modernization of Judgement and Penal Reform Project aims to build up a modernised prison management perception, to create "the ideal type prison architecture", to support the on-the-training of the prison staff, the execution adjudicators and the auditing commissions. Furthermore this reform project´s one of the main aims is the "rehabilitation" of the prisoner with different facilities.
As it is mostly criticised in the literature the changes were based on the needs of "male prisoners" not on the both "female and male prisoners". As set out here, our study tries to assess "the male needs-based" from a critical point of view and to take a picture of the "woman in a prison".
The study, aims to reveal how women maintain their womanish lives and the impact of the rehabilitation programs during their incarceration period from a gender based sociological perspective and problematizes that the women in the prison can not provide her basic needs as she did in her pre-prison life.
This study consists of two stages: one of which is theoretical in which basic concepts of the subject, theories tending to explain the criminal behaviour, gender effect on the criminal behaviour, the historical evolution of the prisons in the world and in Turkey, sociological approaches to the concept of prison and approaches to woman in prison, are mentioned.
At the second stage; field study will be conducted by using questionnaires and in-depth interviews to a random sample of 75 women with different penal times and crime types in closed woman prison.