Return "for good"? : Experiences of Returnees to Turkey
Department of Sociology Middle East Technical University Ankara, Turkey
Parallel to major economic and political global transformations worldwide migration flows have taking new dimensions and different forms. Migration issues are discussed relating to gender, religion, and ethnicity, human rights as well as to economics. In discussions on globalization migration takes an important part, some scholars stress the importance of a growing polarization of highly skilled and unskilled migrant flows. Further restrictions on migration have increased the volume of illegal immigration and human trafficking. Migration thus became an issue of managing and one of the leading concepts to deal with "the problem of migrants" by the host societies is still integration. What happens to those, who decide to return or are forced to return, weren't they able to integrate? or couldn't they? How are they going to "integrate" into their so called "home country - Turkey?" "Will they move back to Germany?" To understand migration decisions and patterns it seems necessary to integrate the "return" not as something stable but eventually temporary. On a global scale, migration in what ever kind of direction should be considered seriously in an attempt to gain a holistic picture. In this presentation the social profiles and patterns of "re-integration" of returnees from Germany in Turkey are discussed. Personal experiences of returnees and patterns of return have been hardly systematized in the existing literature. Besides structural conditions, the returnee him- or herself is an important agent. Furthermore, it seems important to distinguish into a "return promoted" return or one initiated on a "voluntary" basis. In-depth interviews and personal narratives do enrich our understanding of social reality. Besides the personal narratives of the returnees, expert-interviews including representatives of state and non-governmental organisations, professional chambers, and national and local state authorities have been incorporated into the analysis, too.