Being Alone Mother by Choice
Sociolody University of West Bohemia Pilsen, Czech Republic
This paper focuses on lone motherhood of Czech women with high level of education and socio-economic status. The aim is to explore if their decision to be alone mothers is a result of the rational living strategy. The Czech society in general and the everyday life of individuals have been influenced by many political, economical and social changes after the year 1989. The second world transition took effect in the Czech Republic twenty years later than in other Western countries and by the same time postmaterialistic values such as self-fulfillment, independence, or career have appeared. One of the most affected fields is family and family life, which are replaced with new forms reflecting better nowadays life style. One of the consequences of these changes is lone motherhood. In the Czech Republic lone motherhood applied more to the women with low level of education and socio-economic status in the early nineties, however the number of alone mothers with high level of education and socio-economic status has increased after the year 2000. My study is based on an ethnographic research with series of interviews with the women with high level of education and socio-economic status. All of them consider themselves intentionally single. They have a high position in the society and their excellent career make them more economically independent and more discerning than other women are. They have higher demands on their partner without being forced by financial strain to get married. These women choose to be alone mothers than to have a partner who does not fulfill their expectations, and they like their life style. It means the Czech society is facing a new phenomena which can contribute to further destruction of family.