Thinking about future challenges for Finnish natural resource policy
University of Joensuu The Centre of Competence for "Forests, Environment and Society" Joensuu, Fiinland
The paper analyses the views of various experts and policy makers on future challenges and trends of Finnish nature resource policy. The study was made as a background study for the National Natural Resources Strategy. Study is based on 14 interviews and literature analysis during the Autumn 2008. Increasing use of natural resources and concomitant challenges to sustainable development and competitiveness broadly concern the international community, as well as Finnish society and its business community. The preparation of a National Natural Resources Strategy in Finland is examining what kind of aims and measures will ensure multi-faceted well-being based on natural resources.
The results of the background study concern various future aspects of natural resource use and public politics concerning these issues. How the definitions of natural resources are changing? What are the future perspectives, main drivers and conflict areas of natural resource policies? What is the role of sustainability, economic competitiveness, national security and technological development in the future politics of natural resource use? How natural resource politics is linked to climate politics? How the relationships between global markets, national regulation and local communities are seen? The conclusions of the paper concern the challenges for natural resource governance including the principles of adaptive and multilevel governance.