Gender inequality in time and responsibility dimensions of housework
Department of Welfare Statistics Hungarian Central Statistical Office Budapest, Hungary
The presentation shall discuss the main attributes of division of housework within the family from international comparative point of view. At first we investigate the differences between the amount of time spent on housework and division of responsibilities on household chore by composition of household and type of day. The second part of the analysis only focuses on those people who live with spouse/partner during the workdays.
The Hungarian research results show that women still do the lion´s share of household activities, although the ratio decreases in certain situations or family life-cycle phases. In Hungary female spouses carry less of the responsibility for household tasks and share more housework with their partner when they earn a bigger proportion of household's total income, or when there is a small child in the family. In the latter case, male spouses devote more time to household chores too, at the same time performing on the labour market. The decreasing pattern (ie. reduce of traditional division of housework) is also visible with the retirement of males in the family.
The objective of the international comparison is to validate whether these tendencies existing in Hungary are specific, or generally prevailing in Europe. Also it is analysed if certain categorisations of the countries (for example geographical, date of EU accession or historical/political similarities) has any effect to the tendencies. The analysis is based on "European Social Survey" data collection; the analysis based on the Hungarian data is to be published in near future.