Cultural Sources of Subjectivity
Institute of Sociology Warsaw University Warsaw, Poland
Competing views on the human individual are concomitant with the contrasting directions of contemporary changes. The emphasis on the human agency and creativity is counterbalanced by trends towards effacement of the self and other deeply dehumanizing views of the world without the subject. In this context, the cultural version of pragmatism deserves closer attention for its perspective on the subject that cannot be reduced to any version of the homo sociologicus. In particular, Florian Znaniecki´s culturalism and the principle of the humanistic coefficient applied to the individual should be reexamined and his concept of the cultural person discussed anew. A concept of the social person as a relational being embedded in the role system is only a part of a broader concept of a cultural person and his/her becoming. The classical formulation of the relational, symbolic and cultural approaches to the subject appeals as still innovatory and stimulating the critical review of other pragmatic concepts of the selfhood and current approaches to the symbolic self.