Identity Dimensions: Russia in comparison with China
Institute of sociology Institute of sociology RAS Moscow, Russia
The construction of social identities in Russia and China is an important issue for understanding social integration and social divisions as consequences of economic and political reforms which are different by speed and ways of realization in both countries. The paper explores identity dimensions in contemporary Russia and draws comparisons with those in China. Paper presents findings of the comparative study conducted in Russia and China in 2008, on the basis of the data collected in the surveys of adult population in two large cities: St. Petersburg and Shanghai. The study aims at assessing similarities and specific features of social identities and applies the adopted concept of multidimensional social identity indicated various social settings. Both in Russia and China increasing differentiation of possessions and the demarcation in respect to ways of thinking and vital convictions joins to a sense of closeness to one's generation. The idea of national identity in contemporary Russia is contradictory in terms as it contains ethnic, civic and regional components with a dominance of the regional and ethnic. In Shanghai there is prevalence of regional identity and with the statehood. Paper examines a whole set of identities - ethnic, regional, local, with the statehood and European or Asian as well as attitudes towards other nations.