Beyond the power-colonial-pattern: performing culture in the postcolonial context
Sociology (Master Degree Student) Faculty of Economics - University of Coimbra Lisboa, Portugal
Stuart Hall?s (1986) brilliant re-lecture on the work of Antonio Gramsci indicates that an original and productive form of perceiving the true process of ideological clash must consider the analysis of the ?multi-emphatic and inter-discursive character of the ideological field? rather than the unique flux of ?dominants ideas? in which everything and everyone have to be absorbed. Therefore, the analytical work of ideology takes us to a performative stand point of cultural studies since we begin to deal with ?distinct discursive currents? which bond and break the actually-existing-social-power-relation through a constantly and contingently negotiation between different types of differences ? ethnic, gender and class. Nevertheless, during this negotiation ? in which the result may structure or rupture the social power relations ? power and difference comes to be the basics considerations regarding the multiple and heterogeneous global hierarchies that insists on the configuration and re-configuration of the social power structures of domination and exploitation on the basis of racial, sexual, political, economical and knowledge differences. What the Peruvian sociologist Aníbal Quijano calls the ?coloniality of power?: an actual social relation that, articulated by a unique organizer principal (the power-colonial-pattern), involves the exploitation and domination exercised in multiples dimensions of the social live ? since economical, sexual or gender relations until political organizations, structures of knowledge, state or home entities. However, beside and beyond ?coloniality of power?, cultural performance and cultural negotiation are both articulated and are continuously taking shape into social existence. Considering that, we might question, rather than neglect the actually-existent-power-coloniality, what is the remarkable social setting that would make possible the rupture of this power-coloniality-contingency. Stretching to a non-imperialists cultural analysis and taking into consideration the European multicultural scenario as a postcolonial condition that may allows the present to be ?an expanded and ex-centric site of experience and empowerment?, we attempt to read, theoretically speaking, ?cultural strategies? capable to de-structure the colonial power dispositions.