9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN13 Sociology of Families and Intimate Lives

2009-09-05 13:30:00 2009-09-05 15:00:00 Saturday, 5 September 13:30 - 15:00 The Transition to Parenthood: Consequences and Adaptation Building II, Auditório B1.03

Time, money and well-being in families with children in Finland

A majority of parents with young children are in paid employment in Finland. Full-time employment is the main pattern also among women, and unemployment is less common among parents than among the general population. Childcare and unpaid housework are however not equally shared by parents. Family practices in the division of labour and time-use are gendered as well as related to socio-economic resources.

The balance between work and family is a crucial part of well-being of mothers, fathers, and children. Employment is necessary as a source of income, but it also takes time away from care relations. Previous studies have shown that a majority of parents with full-time work experience frequent lack of time with their children and their partners. On the other hand, families with young children are over-represented in the lowest income groups and struggle with financial woes. The risk of divorce or separation is highest among parents of young children.

In the paper, we analyse the well-being of families with children from the perspective of work-family reconciliation. We look at the relationship between time and money from gender and class perspectives. How are the combinations of economic resources and time resources divided across social groups? What kinds of consequences are related to the unequal division of breadwinning and care responsibilities in families?

The analysis is based on a survey material with 1102 fathers and 1762 mothers with children under 18. The survey was conducted in Finland by Stakes in 2006.