9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN30 Youth and Generation

2009-09-03 13:30:00 2009-09-03 15:00:00 Thursday, 3 September 13:30 - 15:00 Additted Behaviour Building II, B2.02

Parental and Scholl Related Protective Factors for Substance use among Hungarian Adolescents

Substance use among adolescents remains a matter of worldwide concern, therefore, a growing number of investigations aim to search for potentially protective factors. Among the influencing factors for adolescent substance use, social influences, such as social support and network variables have been found to be in the focal point of research. Peer influences often serve as a risk factor since sharing substance use often assures conformity with peers. While adolescents tend to spend more time with peers and less with parents during this developmental period, many researchers emphasize that parent-adolescent relations continue to serve as an adaptive and protective function by providing a secure base for adolescents. The role of parents, however, is more latent and more controversial as compared to the role of peers. This paper is focused on possible protective factors of adolescent substance in a sample of high school students (N = 881) in Szeged, Hungary. Data were collected in 2008. Self-administered questionnaires were applied that measured smoking, binge drinking, marijuana use and parental and school-related protective factors. Multiple regression analysis revealed that parental monitoring was a universal protective factor for adolescents. In comparison with parental monitoring, social support variables did not remain significant in the final model. Among school-related factors, high academic achievement was a predictor of smoking and binge drinking, talking about problems with teachers and being happy with school were predictors of marijuana use. Our findings draw attention to the importance of searching for protective factors against adolescent substance use. Particularly we need to have a better understanding of the altered role of parent-child relationship in adolescents? health-related behaviors.