Bullism as a behavioural way based on new and specific communicative and cultural models of identity's construction
Department of Sociology University of Palermo Trapani, Italy
This aims to analyse the phenomenon of violence among minors as a peculiar emergent form of identity's construction. In the risk society of the liquid modernity conflicts are not made in order to have material goods but to have an untouchable, liquid and linked to the performance substance, that is identity. Violence becomes a modality of a forced identity recognising, of a wrong per-forming realization which goes from material word aggression to murder of the person involved to the Freudian pulsions of eros and thanatos in a relationship so considered by the agent.
Bullism is an emerging mode of do-suffer violence.
Even if bullism is considered strictly connected to communications among people of the same age- group, band, gang- we have to consider variables as gender, status, role which can be found among adults as well in order to understand its meanings. These meanings are received by children through communication with adults and later used in the relational contexts with people of their age.
However, you can assume that the violent behavior are also the product of the will by the minor to take on a role, an identity between the same age-range of viewers played the role of the bull.
The phenomenon involves the identity building of the subjects, that is to say taking specific social roles which make the definition of peculiar narrations possible.
The results of a quantitative research (based on administration of 400 questionnaires) conducted in secondary schools in the western Sicily in the current school year can hypothesize that made and received violence might be considered as a behavioural way based on new communicative and cultural models.
Violence in relationships between persons of the same age represents an instrument of expression and action aiming to clearly define, from the victim's point of view, the identity of the aggressor through his power and will.
We are in front o another way of show and make violence, out of the dyad means-goals and friend-enemy, which is increasingly present, above all in Western societies in relations of post-modern teenager.