Immigrant´s integration: Comparing migratory policies in Portugal and Spain
Fernandez Suarez, Belen
Sociology Department University of A Corunna A Corunna, Spain
The main objective of this paper is to draw a comparative analysis of migratory policies in Portugal and Spain as regards immigrant´s integration. Both countries are considered as making part of the Southern European migratory regime (King and Ribas Mateos, 2007), a fact that makes necessary to assess and review the similarities and differences in policies regarding immigrant´s integration. Indeed, in this paper we will take into account the different timing of the migratory processes in both countries, as well as differences in the incorporation of foreigners into the host societies, the socio-demographic aspects, as well as the divergences in the profile and composition of immigration in both the Spanish and Portuguese context. We consider all the aforementioned factors as the key elements guiding the implementation of integration policies.
More specifically, we will contrast integration policies from a juridical perspective through the comparison of legal texts and the construction of indicators for the incorporation of foreigners into the host societies and the labour markets, family reunification, long-term residence, naturalization processes, political rights and access to the main Welfare State benefits in Portugal and Spain-
Finally, we will compare the most recent integration plans of the two countries, which have been both passed in 2007, in order to identify the main elements of integration policies and to assess the successful measures and programmes in order to consider its possible transference to the European context.