UID - Observatório de Políticas Educativas e de Contextos Educativos Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias Lisboa, Portugal
Romão, José Eustáquio
Centro de Pós-graduação (Mestrado e Doutoramento) em Educação Universidade 9 de Julho - UNINOVE S. Paulo, Brasil
Respectfully, do we understand that the suggestive question-subject of the 9th Conference of ESA could be extended for "European Society or Planetarian Societies"? In fact, it does not make sense to refer to social formations created artificial and regionally, in the name of any hegemonic global project. To keep on considering only the social formations and the European civilizatory processes, creating new frontiers, or consolidating the established ones, is to ignore the rich movement of the contemporary world, which brings together localism with globalism, "glocalism", in the best dialectic sense of the term. To identify, to recognize and to look for the sociability with all forms and socio-cultural processes all over the Planet, so that it becomes from an astronomic phenomenon to a historical one, as the brazilian sociologist Octavio Ianni wanted, must be the aim of the XXIst century. Besides, to think "European societies" and their respective cultures, without taking in consideration the extra-European contributions is to insist on the cultural hegemonization. So more than try to "translate" others societies cultural processes, the important thing is to develop the "nepantla" competence ("to live in between"), that is, to develop the capacity of living between two or more cultures, without colonialities, to develop the squint glance and the consequent capacity of using all the potentialities and diversity of all cultures.
The "Nepantla Sociology" would be the reflection turned to all forms of production of answers to logical problems, with the nepantla science, to the aesthetic problems with the nepantla art, to the practical problems with the nepantla ethics. In fact, it means to liquefy all the frontiers between the socio-historical formations, transforming what were a separation, division and customs into bridges on which productive, associative and symbolic processes cross and interact themselves, all over the Globe.
In this paper, the authors, from the contributions of thinkers as Santos, Quijano, Canclini, Gruzinski, Ribeiro, Glissant, Said, Dussel, Freire and Mignolo, propose the Nepantla Sociology as a privileged way of deconstructing euro-centric hegemonic paradigms in the defense of a new geopolitics able to avoke the silenced, in between, hybrid, oppressed and mestize cultures.