The problems of disabled people
Institute for Social Research Institute for Social Research Vilnius, Lithuania
The purpose of this presentation is to discuss social model of disability in Lithuania; the issue concerns the relationship between the status of the disabled people and the attitude of the contemporary society. The demand to investigate disabled people?s movements is related with increasing number of such inhabitants in all social and demographic groups of society.
The author examines disability in light of cultural and historical view and in modern Lithuania. In the research were stressed such indicators as: how much the population has the genuine interest in disability issues and problems, what is the process of ensuring legal rights for people with disabilities. The author is discussed what are their material, social and psychological wellbeing and their development (who are with positive life attitude or depressive, have the feel of realistic view of the world or are as victims, excluded). In the paper, using body?s sociology concept, the attitudes to the disabled body is researched; modern training and their adaptation to the environment is stressed.
The paper is important for the social understanding of disability (especially in such dimensions as social status, needs, psicho-emotional situation); it can explain their communication and relations with non-disabled people, facilitate their interactions. The disability investigation can help for the society to know their identity, emancipation factors, and maybe the oppression from the others social groups.