On the legal monitoring as a sociologocal means of understanding policy-making process in the russian federation
Faculty of Sociology Russian State University for the Humanities Moscow, Russian Federation
The subtantial criteria of effectiveness of governance structure is its ability to match the long-term goals and values of society and state development, and to garantee a quality of the legal groundwork set for the changes affecting the country. In order to create a quality legal field, special attention should be paid to the planning of draft law activity, taking into account the strategic goals of state policies for the long-term prospect. In a federal state, for example Russian Federation, strategically oriented legislative activity is impossible without the regular perfomance of comprehensive analysis of lawmaking activity and legislative enforcement, both on the federal level and in the constituent entiiies of the Federation.
An efficient tool for achieving the tasks is the monitoring of legislation and the analysis of legal enforcement practices ( herewith, legal monitoring). It forms an integral part of the system of lawmaking, allowing constructing the whole legislative process on a transparent, fundamental legal basis.
Legal monitoring has great value in federal state, one where federal and regional legislations are applied simultaneously. Legal monitoring is presently required as a factor unifying the legislative and legal enforcement activities of bodies of power of Federation and its contituent entities, especially in the course of national project implementation. Over the past years, a passage has been made from a theoretica justification of the idea of legal monitoring in Russian Federation, to a practical unfurling of its system on the basis of vital legislative evaluation criteria: the adopted legislation's ability to implement state policy priorities; guaranteed observance of citizens' constitutional rights and freedoms; the legislation's quality and efficiency.
The discussion about the role of legal monitoring in Russia demonstrated the interest in this new form of empirical studies of the policy process in the context of constitutional partnership. An essential role in the coordination of the activity is played by the Council of Federation - the high chamber of Federal Assemmbly of the Russian Federation. The last fife years it prepared annual reports. Today, regional bodies of the state power are also joning this process. My report is a sociological study of this problem.r