Gender segregation in the labour market: the case of ICT employment
Sociologia ISCTE Lisboa, Portugal
Métodos Quantitativos ISCTE Lisboa, Portugal
In this paper we will explore the conventional statistical concepts used by OECD to define ICT professionals and develop an analysis based in other statistical sources which show the heterogeneity of the professional profiles which are behind that designation. Also, this operation enabled us to analyse the ICT labour market segment.
This analysis gives visibility to the anatomy of the Portuguese employment in this sector both in terms of academic qualifications and gender.
Taking as a starting point the idea of the stratification of the labour market, our main hypothesis is that gender segregation in the ICT segment would be visible through the distribution of men/women workers according to their academic qualification.
A Multiple Correspondence Analysis was conducted to explore the relationships between gender, academic qualification, profession and age, and to identify whether there is heterogeneity in the ICT segment, how it is characterised, which profiles of ICT professionals can be defined and what is the relative position of women in each.
Further we analysed the employment evolution in the ICT segment in a ten year period (1991-2001) by gender and the evolution of gender education (ISCED 5-6) gaps in the scientific areas which are predominant in the ICT sector, during the same period.
Based on these three elements of analysis we came to a portrait of the gender segregation in this sector.