The procedures of identification and of work with trafficked women: involvements for the measurement of the phenomenon
Mena Martínez, Luis
Sociology and Communication University of Salamanca Salamanca, Salamanca
The measurement of women's trafficking is problematical. On the one hand, the impossibility to fix the number and the permanent situation of the universe that we want to work with is. On the other hand, as a result of this population's situation of irregularity, the possibility to work with them once found, worsened for the situation of especial vulnerability of these women. Immense disparity among data clearly identified and esteems is another serious situation. For that reason we have considered analyzing the procedures that trafficked women are identified for and that data are compiled in Spain.
In order to get close to generation's process of data on trafficked women, in addition to do a general evaluation of existent data, we have carried out a Delphi procedure with people that they are in direct contact with (potentials) victims of trafficking and that they have a certain level of responsibility. This includes policemen, district attorneys and judges, employees of centres of attention to immigrants, social services, and also NGOs dedicated to immigrants, refugees, women or prostitutes. With them we have discussed three points:
- The characteristics of the people on who information is picked up; an evaluation of the quantity, reliability and accessibility of the aforementioned information; and perceived needs of information
- The procedures of work (including the process of identification as victim of trafficking), protocols and typical cases, making a point of the relation with other institutions
- Needs perceived for intervention with these women, as well as improving proposals.
The outcome let us analyzing the procedures of generation of information on the phenomenon to be able to appraise the information (and esteems) on the phenomenon of women's trafficking in Spain.