The internalization of careers - TRANSMOBILITY in the life-science world
sociology university of warsaw warszawa, POLAND
In some professional careers the pathways are strongly related to the international mobility. It was almost always the case in elite careers (in the artist social world - Wagner I, 2005; in the business world - Wagner, A-C, other professional universe such as for some ministry positions Gruzinski, 1999) and in the science world. But with the development of life-sciences occurred in the last fifty years, and, as a consequence, the modification in the organization of work and the internationalization of researchers? career, the intensive geographical mobility constitutes not only the path of elite members but the ordinary and crucial aspect of life-science researcher?s career.
The politicians of research, through the special contracts, grants and all kind of supports for mobility, push the scientists to move and improve their skills in various countries. Mobility of researchers becomes the obligation (international experiences are obligatory before getting a stable position), and is presented as a positive phenomenon, which constitutes the basic element of researchers? careers.
Thanks to the long-lasting ethnography (since 2003) realized in life-science researchers? world ? done in different countries (France, Poland, Germany, USA ? over 300 formal interviews) I was able to get the data, which allow me the possibility to analysis and reconstruction of this phenomenon of professional international mobility. The results show that there is no one type of mobility, but there are several different types of it. The analysis of this core process in the life-science-researcher career showed that this process is based on four stages. Each one represents different kind of mobility ? a) early, b) basic, c) expert and d)late. All stages ? whole process, constitute the phenomenon, which I called TRANSMOBILITY (Wagner, I 2009). My presentation is about this phenomenon - crucial for any professional careers nowadays.