The socio-psychological hability to be resilient
Diego Gonçalves, Carmen
Center for Social Studies University of Coimbra Coimbra, Portugal
Natural disasters (such work accidents, or unemployment) are events with a strong emotional and traumatic burden, which can be associated with the development of the post stress traumatic perturbation and associated co-morbid perturbations linked to reactive anxiety. Social and individual vulnerability of exposition to a natural threat constitutes an intrinsic risk factor of intrinsic disposition to the threat that should not be ignored while can conditioner the destructives consequences of natural disasters. Concomitantly, is fundamental the control of the depression symptoms of the affected populations not only in medical terms, but also because it can help people to restructure theirs lives. In this ambit the concept of resilience emerge as on the fundamental ones, because is related with the capacity of the individual or groups to struggle with problems, to overcome obstacles, or even to resist to the pressure inherent of adverse situations, like stress without get into psychological disturb. Portugal, within South European countries, is a country characterized by its moderate to high seismic activity, and the investigation, namely on the earth sciences are concerned with causes, factors, antecedents of natural disasters, in the sense to foresee, consequently, avoid the exposure to them. Nevertheless, on can see an increase on the research area, namely linked with human and social sciences, concerned not only with prevention, but also with the consequences of natural disasters, to a several extent levels; as economics, social, lawful and cultural ones, but also psychosocial ones, because natural phenomena are seen as events from which can result various accidents, namely damage and psychological disorders, which affect not only the individuals but also the groups and the social context. In this sense it is very important to reflect about the interdisciplinary contribution of Sociology in order to be possible to develop prevention measures on the ambit of the psychosocial effects of the impact of natural disasters.