Re-Localization of Conflict Dynamics: "Conflict-generated Diaspora Groups and the Transportation of Homeland Conflicts to Western Europe", A Focus the Kurdish- Turkish Immigrants
Political and Social Sciences European University Institute San Domenico di Fiesole (FI), Italy
Today inevitably as a result of violent conflicts in many parts of the world, high levels of transnational migration flows will continue for the foreseeable future and will keep giving occasion to the emergence of new diaspora groups or fostering the already existing ones.
It is eminent that conflicts compel people to migrate and, ironically enough, conflicts tend to migrate with people as well. Accordingly, immigrants belonging different parties of a conflict actually find themselves in the same country or region in the end and form their own diasporic communities there. Since in most of the cases, "leaving homeland" does not necessarily include "an emotional goodbye", diaspora groups have a tendency to affiliate themselves with the politics of both homeland and the hostland, especially if there is a conflict situation at home. Therefore they keep reproducing the already existing homeland conflict dynamics in their country of residence and cause the re-localization of the disputes. In this context, understanding why the liberal environment in the hostland does not lead to more moderate groups rather than marginalized long distance nationalists is essential. My focus is on the second and third generation migrants who are born in the hotland, do not have a prospect of going back to the homeland but still get involved actively in the issues related to homeland conflicts.
Examples: Kurds and Turks in Germany, Sri Lankan Tamils and Sinhalese in Norway.
In this context, my paper will focus on the transportation of conflicts to Western Europe, by diasporas and mainly on the relations between the groups which come from the opposing sides of the story. Simply, I would like to look at the questions of: "How and in what ways do the diaspora groups from opposing sides of the conflict establish relations with each other in Western Europe?" "What is the impact of the Western European hostland´s political environment on the re-localization of conflicts'" The aim is to come up with a coherent analysis of trans-state loyalties of the diaspora groups by exploring the conflict-generated diaspora groups´ behavior towards each other by the help of case studies.