Career paths of young graduates. Contributions for new (in) visibility of the work
Marques, Ana Paula
Sociologia Universidade do Minho Braga, Portugal
This paper aims to analyse, on one side, the employability of young graduates from diverse and contrasting scientific fields, namely, "Technology and Engineering" and "Humanities and Social Sciences", as well as the modalities of insertion in companies, particularly regarding the latter's practices of recruitment and selection. We will go ourselves to centre, over all, in the social constraints - logical of social reproduction, structure and functioning it system of high education and work market - and in the continued strategies of professional insertion, being distinguished the co-clarifying factors of the work (in)visibilities (e.g., gender, waiting time of the first job, activity sector, recruitment modalities, contractual situation, working hours
flexible). We may presume that many of these young workers, in the beginning of a career and holders of high academic qualifications, base their professional performances on the autonomy and creativity, as well as they share also high organizational and professionals expectations, particularly those who are placed in highly competitive sectors (namely those of the New Technologies of Information and Communication). Nevertheless, the conditions and the processes of insertion and integration of these young graduated are extremely heterogeneous and depend on factors that escape the exclusive logic of the employability value of the diploma. In this sense, and in the frame of a deregulation of the wage relation and consequent expansion of atypical kinds of job, we may as well notice increasing rates of sub-employment and unemployment, which warn us about a growing vulnerability, discontinuity and rupture of the employment relations.