9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN13 Sociology of Families and Intimate Lives

2009-09-05 13:30:00 2009-09-05 15:00:00 Saturday, 5 September 13:30 - 15:00 Intergenerational Relationships Building II, Auditório B1.04

Giving and receiving among adult family generations: The balance of intergenerational exchange across Europe

Transfers of money and time among parents and their adult children are an important source of social protection and complement to the public "generational contract". In our previous research, we have shown that the usual direction of these transfers is downward, from parents to children, and that they vary systematically across welfare and family regimes in Europe. In the present paper, we create a unified account of transfer balances between parents and children in order to show (1) to what extent transfers are unidirectional or reciprocal, and (2) to what extent monetary transfers (inter vivos) and time transfers (practical help and support) balance or complement each other. We also analyze the factors that determine transfer balances both at the level of parent-child dyads and at the level of country-specific contexts. To this end we compute a net balance outcome measure by converting the value of time transfers into wage equivalents. The analysis is based on the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE).