The Social Capital of Romanian Migrants: Social Networks, Trust and Association
Sociology University of Bucharest Bucharest, Romania
Romanians' migration for work started in the nineties and has grown to an estimated number of more than two million people living abroad at the present time, especially in Italy and Spain. Romanians are concentrated in some regions of these countries and, within these regions, in some cities and villages, the latter being mainly a consequence of the migrants' use of social networks.
This paper uses quantitative and qualitative data gathered during fieldwork in Romania, Spain and Italy between 2006 and 2008. It focuses on the way migrants use their social networks in order to get along in the country of destination and it describes the connections they keep with Romania, as well as the connections to people of other nationalities, especially those from the country of destination. It furthermore explores the new community-like structures that arise in Romanian communities from the Madrid region, as an illustration of the way migrants' social capital is shaped by living in another country.