Between Family and the Labour Market: The Changes in Gender Role Attitudes in the Light of Welfare and Labour Market Developments in Luxembourg
PSELL CEPS/INSTEAD Differdange, Luxembourg
Question on how to reconcile family and professional life seem to be more and more common for people in reproductive and productive age and their answers depend not only on their particular personal situations and preferences but also on a cultural and institutional setting within which they operate. In the present paper I examine the linkage among the institutional, behavioural and attitudinal aspects of reconciliation of family life and paid work in Luxembourg. Despite the fact that the country can be considered as a country with a rather corporatist welfare structures (especially at the level of family welfare provisions) based on stereotypical division of labour between men and women and consequent relatively low engagement of women in the labour market, during past decades Luxembourg has undergone demographic, social and economic changes which have undermined the traditional division of gender roles. Thus, the main aims of the article are: in a first step, to examine whether the above changes including increasing participation of women in the labour market, changes in welfare state provisions and public family support strategies, diversification of the family life and parental behaviour resonate in people´s attitudes toward gender roles and in a second step to uncover whether men and women in different age categories and life course stages exhibit significantly different attitudes toward the issue and whether these differences diminish or increase over time. Analyses are based on the European Value Study data from 1999 and 2008.