Dynamics of Portuguese population and professional workforce and ageing at the work
Tomás, Licínio Manuel Vicente
History, Philosophy and Social Sciences University of the Azores Ponta Delgada, Portugal
The present communication paper tackles the issue of the ageing professional workforce and social and its social implications considering the ageing trend of the active population in the Portuguese context. The phenomenon of aging and its implications are anticipated, today, its shadow on the people who work and more specifically on the different social and work environments.
The dynamics of the workforce, both in the Portuguese and the European level showed to be more an expression of legitimate sharing between generations and different social forces that dispute, at a social scale, the employment.
The study of the evolution of the Portuguese active population among the five latest censuses shows the population aging, but not a distortion in the sense of rejuvenation. This is the result of major changes in the structure of the active population. In terms of demographic analysis of the labour force saw a trend of rejuvenation. This result is due mainly to the increase in population of women in the workforce younger and early departure of older workers.
Social age as well as active population are not natural categories, but social constructs deducted from characteristics and rights related to age and levels of pay and discounts social activity. Moreover, as Rémi Lenoir (1976) wrote, following Maurice Halbwachs, the age is a biological and socially manipulated manipulável. Age is, from the outset, an empirical and one of those characteristics which is unsuspected by our social and cataloguing of our brand identity. Advanced age has never concerned more people and the benefits and harm of age as alleged or disputed (Gaullier, 1986).
Our intention is to demonstrate that the population is an economic category that does not use chronological age but the age as defined by the law to impose duties or remove them before the job, than what is usually considered as work.