European "East" and "West" in terms of Basic Human Values
Personaity Studies Department Institute of sociology, Russian Academy of sciences Moscow, Russia
Personality Studies Department Institute of sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, Russia
The authors rely on the Schwartz values module data from the third round of the European Social Survey held in 2006-2007. Starting from the analysis of the aggregate data (just comparing the country means) we have found that the main difference in basic values is between most of the former socialist countries emphasizing Conservation and Self-Enhancement values and inhabitants of the other European countries emphasizing the opposite values of Openness to change and Self-Transcendence.
It is evident that there are people with different values in each country, so our next step was putting aside the respondents´ national identity and pooling the respondents from different countries all together. Employing cluster analysis we divided all respondents into 4 all-European clusters (types) relying on their value indices only. It became clear from this analysis that each European country population has a share of people from each of the 4 all-European clusters. And the between-country differences in values evolves because of the different representation of the members of the 4 value types mentioned in different countries. It looks like the within-country distributions of the respondents between 4 value types in the former socialist countries is less equable (with visible majorities and minorities) than in the European countries who has no socialist inheritance.