Structural-normative dimensions of the spread of rural entrepreneurship in transition societies. The Case of Transylvania
Sociology Babes-Bolyai University Cluj Napoca, Romania
Our paper is dealing with the social determinants of the spread of small and medium enterprises in the rural settlements of Transylvania after the change of regime. The analysis is divided in two main parts: in the first section, by emphasizing the role of sociological factors, we will try to explain regional differences concerning the density of the economic institutions.
The second part consists of the analysis of such settlements, where statistics show that the entrepreneurial propensity is strikingly high compared to the regional means; although this can not be fully explained either by the economic model of comparative advantages or by the inequality of the territorial dispersion of economic and natural resources. In these locations we analyze the establishment of those specific co-operational patterns and collaboration networks which originally were not created for economic purposes, but proved to be economically viable despite of the ambiguous economic and judiciary conditions, characteristic for the period following the change of regime.