National imaginary and the academic approach of religious phenomena in France
Social Sciences Laboratoire Cultures et Sociétés en Europe - Université de Strasbourg Strasbourg, France
In this paper, I intend to analyse how the French national imaginary impacts the trends in dealing academically with religious phenomena in France. I propose to investigate in the field of sociology as well as in neighbouring fields such as political theory. As Birnbaum, among others, underlines it, the idea of imagined France is beside all one of unity. It also goes with the idea of the decline of religion and of its incompatibility with modernity. For this purpose I will draw on relevant examples within three themes to carry the analyses. The first field of investigation is the place of the study of Islamic religious phenomena in social science. The second is how religious phenomena (and what kind of religious phenomena) is considered in general sociology. The third deals with matters of studies about belief and how this theme is related to rationality.