Gender, Work and Family: Fast forward or replay?
CIES-ISCTE CIES-ISCTE Lisboa, Lisbon
Sociology ISCTE, CIES-ISCTE Lisbon, Portugal
In the contemporary European and global context - economic downturn and its social effects - becomes pertinent to reassess previous analysis based several research projects developed in recent years assessing the interplay between gender values, the sphere of work, and family life by exploring data from ESS (2002, 2004 and 2006) as well EB 2003.
In moments of uncertainty the reflexive character of European societies promotes not only debate around the economic and financial grounding of the social world, but also provides a scenario for questioning some established regimes structuring social life, as the gender regimes. Is our aim to open the analytical and theoretical hypothesis that the financial crises carry a particular gender order crises. With the breakdown of an economic rationality based on the free market also partially crashed gender regimes based on the flows of the apparent gender neutral language of economics.
That is, the determinant relation between gender normativity and power somewhat lost is symbolic supply. Because, hegemony in the contemporary gender order is connected with patterns of trade, investment, concentration of economic and cultural power; these new resources for dominance lost one fundamental provider.
Since family and work as gendered institutions not only circulate definitions of masculinity and feminity, but create conditions for specific patterns of practice, they are permeable to these movements of change: fast forwarding a scenario of passage from more traditional gender values towards gender equality and, paradoxically, replaying older gender inequalities.