Main Trends and Varieties in Social Security Threats in Siberian Regions
Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences Barnaul, Russia
In conditions of global social transformations and present-day financial crisis a value of social security immeasurably is increasing. Therein areas with the most acuteness in social security threats attract special attention. Among such areas is Siberia as unique territorial community with rich natural resources and high quality of human potential and at the same time extremely low living standards and as a result with more concentration of social threats and probability of their appearance.
To discover a scale and structure of social threats and mechanisms of their forming sample inquiries of inhabitants (N=1700, 2006; N=1011, 2008) and expert questionings of local authorities (N=82, 2006; N=222, 2008) were conducted in five Siberian regions.
In rating of threats socio-economic risks take leading place in Siberian regions, among them are: consumer prices growth, low living standards, unemployment, poverty and great social differentiation, foodstuffs counterfeited and of poor quality. On sociological results and statistical data Siberian regions have more significant scale of socio-economic threats in comparison with Russia in whole. Differently directed changes of security risks scales in Siberian regions occurred in 2000s confirming of the break of mainly negative trends in 1990s. The national remote areas of Russia with traditionally backward economics and social sphere and agrarian regions have remained as territorial centers of security threats in Siberia.
Not high level of Siberian inhabitants' satisfaction in their social status and estimation of state reforms were revealed. One third respondents had been not satisfied of their welfare standards, dwelling, job, health or place of residence and had intended to migrate. On experts opinion the main social risks have been impacted by national economic reforms and state policy, people' bad starting position, low social and economic adaptation and deviant activities.
Analysis of social threats in Siberian regions permitted to conclude about non-system of executed reforms with autonomously regional nature or national nonregistering regional specificity type that have led to extreme territorial differences. The need for conversion to systematic technologies that provide social security taking into account regional trends has been ripe.