The Dimensions of Child Labour in Agriculture and its place in the Work Life in Turkey
Dept. of Agricultural Economics Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Ankara, TURKEY
As it is seen in the whole world, child labour is an important problem also for Turkey. Growing up next generations in a healthy manner and happy is one of the most important prerequisites to become a contemporary society. Due to their circumstances children, who work in agriculture have a specific place in child labour. First these children are in the first place regarding disadvantaged groups in terms of working and life conditions, relations with society, education and health problems. Families, who have small land and/or no land subsequently do not get adequate income, look for work via moving to regions where more agricultural works are available as seasonal workers to maintain and work. When families, who are seasonal agricultural workers, move to other regions to work, they also take their children with them because of the economic and social conditions. Therefore children start to work in agricultural works, which are not suitable for their age, to make contributions to family economy. Children, who are in agricultural works, have more than 40% in the total child labour in Turkey. These children work mainly in hoe and harvest related with cotton, nut, citrus, sugar beet, tobacco agriculture in different parts of Turkey. Children Most of the children, who work in agricultural works and in the worst conditions, are under 15 that are not suitable to work according to ILO Conventions and for such works. These children, who are deprived of education opportunities and do not continue or start their education live particularly in the Southeast and East Anatolia Regions. In addition, these children live 4-7 months period in a place different from their original living space. They live in tents without having basic necessities. From the principle of Social State Law principle the tools of ?special social policy? should be applied to these children who are the most desperate group regarding the future.