Contemporary organismic sociology (COS): substantive provisions
Social management Russian State Social University Moscow, Russia
COS represents attempt of modernization of organismic theory of G.Spenser on the basis new organismic model of a society (NOM) and the modern evolutionary theory.
The modern evolutionary theory (Lima-de-Faria) considers social evolution as process of speciation of societies with the help of universal mechanisms of evolution (selection and assembly, natural selection, disintegration). In result on the Earth consistently there were more and more complex social organisms.This process has convergent character.
According to NOM a society is considered as rather steady integrity showing reasonable behavior is similar to an alive organism. Reasonable behavior means ability of a society to answer calls adequately, or in other words, to satisfy the social needs, or to reveal and solve the social problems understood as a deviation from the standard social norms.
In each society there is a system of the base values (P.Sorokin) and the social mechanism (A.Compte) revealing and deciding social problems, and protecting base values and norms. The social mechanism solves social problems with the help of samples of public culture created by it as law, social institutes, social values and norms, innovations, organizational system and others SPC.
The social mechanism consists of two parts - state and not state ones. Last, includes institutes of a civil society (political parties, public movements, churches etc) is not less important, than the first part. Social mechanism consist also of political system and the executive mechanism. The political system plays the leading part in a society as it defines the most important problems and makes of the decision; gives the tasks to executive mechanism; forms socio-cultural spaces of a society; should protect base values and norms.
NOM must help in diagnostics and treatment (therapy) of ills of society. Comparison NOM with working society allows to carry out its diagnostics, to reveal lacks (pathologies) and realize elimination of these lacks by put into practice of new reforms. The last should concern, first of all, strengthening of system of base values and social norms corresponding to them, and also strengthening of the social mechanism of a society, including state mechanism.