Time Use as Indicator for Social Inequality: Social Classes in Comparison
Department of social sciences Goethe University Frankfurt Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Time is not only a dimension of each social act, but also a resource with high value. This makes time a central concept for social inequality analysis. The unequal use of time is often connected to gender, age or lifestyle differences, whereas social classes are neglected.
In this presentation, structuration theory is brought together with time budget data on the empirical side to analyze time use of different social classes in Germany. The German Time Budget survey 2001/2002, a representative cross section survey from the Federal Statistical Office in Germany, is used for empirical calculations. 35. 691 time diaries that cover 24 hours a day of a person (three diaries per person; all household members included with time diaries) are contained in this survey. Emphasis is given on daily time use (paid and unpaid work, leisure, travel, sleep). The results show that social classes are an important concept for inequality of time use, especially because of the differences between working and upper class persons.