NGOisation of Civil Society Sphere in Turkey- An Indication of the Establishment of Global Governance as the New Governing Technique?
Sociology FGS (Frankfurt Graduate School for the Humanities and Social Sciences) Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Two important aspects characterise very much the dynamic and nature of women activism in Turkey. The first aspect relates to the extensive NGOisation of Sphere of civil society in general and in particular the NGOisation of women's movements since 1990s and the further acceleration of this process in 2000s during the Process of Turkey's Accession to EU. The second aspect which is very much related to this first one, is the striking international character of women?s movements in Turkey which means that the political engagement of women activists in NGOs in Turkish civil society, take place in an environment of extensive organisational, ideological and financial exchange with other International NGOs and supra-national Organisations such as EU and UN.
At another level, in the larger context of globalisation and the implications of this process on the structures of nation-states world wide, a re-configuration of state-society relations is to be observed. Together with the appearance of national and international NGOs in the world political scene an internationalisation of political decision making processes take place which also means an increasing demand for intensive participation on the side of civil society actors in governmental processes. Thus the Turkish state feels also obliged to seek for more co-operation and participation on the side of social movements in general and women's movements and NGOs in particular as the basis of its legitimacy (Stienstra 1999).
Accordingly this paper will concentrate on the following questions: - What are the consequences of the NGOisation of civil society for knowledge production and political process? How is the relationship between civil society actors and state influenced by this transformation? What are the implications of this changed relationship between Turkish State and civil society actors for the parameters of politics in Turkey? Does it require new understanding, a redefinition of democracy?
? Do new structures of governance offer new possibilities for the integration of larger parts of civil society actors in governmental decision making processes or do they denote to the re-organisation of Turkish statehood and co-optation of non-state actors by state institutions?