HIV infection risk groups - possibilities to integrate into labour market. Latvian example
Faculty of Economics Latvia university Riga, Latvia
The presentation is based on the analysis of research data "HIV infection risk groups and their possibilities of integration into Latvian labour market". It is a new field of research in Latvia - it is the first complex research of possibilities of persons belonging to the HIV infection risk group to integrate into Latvian labour market, as well as the obstacles and problems, factors of discrimination.
The entire global society is now faced with the issue of the spread of HIV/AIDS, and the consequences, thereof. According to the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS, Latvia has the third highest estimated HIV/AIDS prevalence in Europe (0.6% of adult population, 15-49 years old) after Estonia and Portugal. The European Commission has evaluated Latvia as the currently most potentially HIV/AIDS endangered country in the EU.
As economic changes affect social risk exclusion groups especially, united and purposefully coordinated functions of different social actors´politicians, municipal and governmental representatives, civil society - are of a great importance for reduction the social exclusion risk factors. The paper examines the research data analysis. Different methods have been used in the research process: statistics analysis, data from risk group survey in the communities with the highest HIV/AIDS infection rate in the country, and experts´interviews.